We asked pilots from across the country to give us straight answers about maddening safety rules, inexplicable delays, the air and attitudes up there, and what really happens behind the cockpit door. What they told us will change the way you fly.
I’ve been struck by lightning twice.
Most pilots have. Airplanes are built to take it. You hear a big boom and see a big flash and that’s it. You’re not going to fall out of the sky. Pilot for a regional carrier, Charlotte, North Carolina
You may not be getting the airline you paid for.
You may go to an airline website and buy a ticket, pull up to its desk at the curb, and get onto an airplane that has a similar name painted on it, but half the time, you’re really on a regional airline. The regionals aren’t held to the same safety standards as the majors: Their pilots aren’t required to have as much training and experience, and the public doesn’t know that. Captain at a major airline
If you’re a nervous flier, book a morning flight.
The heating of the ground later causes bumpier air, and it’s much more likely to thunderstorm in the afternoon. Jerry Johnson, pilot, Los Angeles
The smoothest place to sit is often over or near the wing.
The bumpiest place to sit is in the back. A plane is like a seesaw. If you’re in the middle, you don’t move as much. Patrick Smith, pilot and author of Cockpit Confidential The general flow of air in any airplane is from front to back. So if you’re really concerned about breathing the freshest possible air or not getting too hot, sit as close to the front as you can. Planes are generally warmest in the back. Tech pilot at a regional airline, Texas There is no safest place to sit. In one accident, the people in the back are dead; in the next, it’s the people up front. John Nance, aviation safety analyst and retired airline captain, Seattle
People don’t understand why they can’t use their cell phones.
Well, what can happen is 12 people will decide to call someone just before landing, and I can get a false reading on my instruments saying that we are higher than we really are. Jim Tilmon, retired American Airlines pilot, Phoenix We don’t make you stow your laptop because we’re worried about electronic interference. It’s about having a projectile on your lap. I don’t know about you, but I don’t want to get hit in the head by a MacBook going 200 miles per hour. And we’re not trying to ruin your fun by making you take off your headphones. We just want you to be able to hear us if there’s an emergency. Patrick Smith
Some FAA rules don’t make sense to us either.
Like the fact that when we’re at 39,000 feet going 400 miles an hour, in a plane that could hit turbulence at any minute, (flight attendants) can walk around and serve hot coffee and Chateaubriand. But when we’re on the ground on a flat piece of asphalt going five to ten miles an hour, they’ve got to be buckled in like they’re at NASCAR. Jack Stephan, US Airways captain based in Annapolis, Maryland, who has been flying since 1984
It’s updrafts, not turbulence, we really worry about.
A plane flies into a massive updraft, which you can’t see on the radar at night, and it’s like hitting a giant speed bump at 500 miles an hour. It throws everything up in the air and then down very violently. That’s not the same as turbulence, which bounces everyone around for a while. John Nance, aviation safety analyst and retired airline captain, Seattle Pilots find it perplexing that so many people are afraid of turbulence. It’s all but impossible for turbulence to cause a crash. We avoid turbulence not because we’re afraid the wing is going to fall off but because it’s annoying. Patrick Smith
Being on time is more important than getting everyone there.
The Department of Transportation has put such an emphasis on on-time performance that we pretty much aren’t allowed to delay a flight anymore, even if there are 20 people on a connecting flight that’s coming in just a little late. Commercial pilot, Charlotte, North Carolina No, it’s not your imagination: Airlines really have adjusted their flight arrival times so they can have a better record of on-time arrivals. So they might say a flight takes two hours when it really takes an hour and 45 minutes. AirTran Airways captain, Atlanta
I’m constantly under pressure to carry less fuel than I’m comfortable with.
Airlines are always looking at the bottom line, and you burn fuel carrying fuel. Sometimes if you carry just enough fuel and you hit thunderstorms or delays, then suddenly you’re running out of gas and you have to go to an alternate airport. Captain at a major airline
You’ll never hear, “One of our engines just failed.”
What they’ll say instead: “One of our engines is indicating improperly.” (Or more likely, they’ll say nothing, and you’ll never know the difference. Most planes fly fine with one engine down.) You’ll also never hear, “Well, folks, the visibility out there is zero.” Instead they’ll say: “There’s some fog in the Washington area.”
There’s no such thing as a water landing.
It’s called crashing into the ocean. Pilot, South Carolina
The truth is, we’re exhausted.
Our work rules allow us to be on duty 16 hours without a break. That’s many more hours than a truck driver. And unlike a truck driver, who can pull over at the next rest stop, we can’t pull over at the next cloud. Captain at a major airline Do pilots sleep in (the cockpit)? Definitely. Sometimes it’s just a ten-minute catnap, but it happens. John Greaves, airline accident lawyer and former airline captain, Los Angeles When you get on that airplane at 7 a.m., you want your pilot to be rested and ready. But the hotels they put us in now are so bad that there are many nights when I toss and turn. They’re in bad neighborhoods, they’re loud, they’ve got bedbugs, and there have been stabbings in the parking lot. Jack StephanSometimes the airline won’t give us lunch breaks or even time to eat. We have to delay flights just so we can get food. First officer on a regional carrier
Most people get sick after traveling not because of what they breathe but because of what they touch.
Always assume that the tray table and the button to push the seat back have not been wiped down, though we do wipe down the lavatory. Patrick Smith
It’s one thing if the pilot puts the seat belt sign on for the passengers …
But if he tells the flight attendants to sit down, you’d better listen. That means there’s some serious turbulence ahead. John Greaves
Driving is WAY scarier than flying a plane.
People always ask, “What’s the scariest thing that’s ever happened to you?” I tell them it was a van ride from the Los Angeles airport to the hotel, and I’m not kidding. Jack Stephan
Most of the time, how you land is a good indicator of a pilot’s skill.
So if you want to say something nice to a pilot as you’re getting off the plane, say ‘Nice landing.’ We do appreciate that. Joe D’Eon, a pilot at a major airline who produces a podcast at flywithjoe.com
The two worst airports for us: Reagan National in Washington, D.C., and John Wayne in Orange County, California.
You’re flying by the seat of your pants trying to get in and out of those airports. John Wayne is especially bad because the rich folks who live near the airport don’t like jet noise, so they have this noise abatement procedure where you basically have to turn the plane into a ballistic missile as soon as you’re airborne. Pilot, South Carolina At some airports with really short runways, you’re not going to have a smooth landing no matter how good we are: John Wayne Airport; Jackson Hole, Wyoming; Chicago Midway; and Reagan National. Joe D’Eon
Remember: Bad weather exists BETWEEN cities, too
This happens all the time: We’ll be in Pittsburgh going to Philly, and there will be a weather delay. The weather in Pittsburgh is beautiful. Then I’ll hear passengers saying, ‘You know, I just called my friend in Philly, and it’s beautiful there too,’ like there’s some kind of conspiracy or something. But in the airspace between Pittsburgh and Philly there’s a huge thunderstorm. Jack Stephan
Is traveling with a baby in your lap safe? No.
It’s extremely dangerous. If there’s any impact or deceleration, there’s a good chance you’re going to lose hold of your kid, and he becomes a projectile. But the government’s logic is that if we made you buy an expensive seat for your baby, you’d just drive, and you’re more likely to be injured driving than flying. Patrick Smith
Passengers: PLEASE be more mindful of yourself and others.
Most of you wouldn’t consider going down the highway at 60 miles an hour without your seat belt fastened. But when we’re hurtling through the air at 500 miles an hour and we turn off the seat belt sign, half of you take your seat belts off. But if we hit a little air pocket, your head will be on the ceiling. Captain at a major airline If you’re going to recline your seat, for God’s sake, please check behind you first. You have no idea how many laptops are broken every year by boorish passengers who slam their seat back with total disregard to what’s going on behind them. John Nance
Whatever you pay to fly, we pay more.
Please don’t complain to me about your lost bags or the rotten service or that the airline did this or that. My retirement was taken to help subsidize your $39 airfare. Pilot, South Carolina I know pilots who spend a quarter million on their education and training, then that first year as a pilot, they qualify for food stamps. Furloughed first officer, Texas We miss the peanuts too. US Airways pilot, South Carolina
We don’t wear our hats in the cockpit, by the way
On TV and in the comics, you always see these pilots with their hats on, and they have their headsets on over the hat, and that always makes us laugh. Joe D’Eon
There’s a good reason for everything we ask you to do.
We ask you to put up the window shade so the flight attendants can see outside in an emergency, to assess if one side is better for an evacuation. It also lets light into the cabin if it goes dark and helps passengers get oriented if the plane flips or rolls over. Patrick Smith
We hear some dumb things.
Here’s a news flash: We’re not sitting in the cockpit listening to the ball game. Sometimes we can ask the controllers to go to their break room to check the score. But when I fly to Pittsburgh on a Sunday afternoon, the passengers send the flight attendants up at least ten times to ask us the Steelers score. Commercial pilot, Charlotte, North Carolina I am so tired of hearing ‘Oh my God, you’re a girl pilot.’ When you see a black pilot, do you say ‘Oh my God, you’re a black pilot’? Pilot for a regional carrier People tend to think the airplane is just flying itself. Trust me, that’s not true. It can fly by itself sometimes. But you’ve always got your hands on the controls waiting for it to mess up. And it does mess up. Pilot, South Carolina
Those buddy passes they give us?
I give them only to my enemies now. Sure, you can get a $1,000 airfare to Seattle for $100. But since you have to fly standby, it will take you three months to get back because you can’t get a seat. Pilot, South Carolina
Some insider advice:
I always tell my kids to travel in sturdy shoes. If you have to evacuate and your flip-flops fall off, there you are standing on the hot tarmac or in the weeds in your bare feet. Joe D’EonCold on the airplane? Tell your flight attendant. We’re in a constant battle with them over the temperature. They’re moving all the time, up and down the aisles, so they are always calling and saying, ‘Turn up the air.’ But most passengers I know are freezing. Captain at a major carrier
Here’s the truth about airline jobs:
You don’t have as much time off as your neighbors think you have, you don’t make as much money as your relatives think you make, and you don’t have as many girlfriends as your wife thinks you have. Still, I can’t believe they pay me to do this. Commercial pilot, Charlotte, North Carolina
Finally, some airline lingo:
Blue juice: The water in the lavatory toilet. “There’s no blue juice in the lav.” Crotch watch: The required check to make sure all passengers have their seat belts fastened. Also: “groin scan.” Crumb crunchers: Kids. “We’ve got a lot of crumb crunchers on this flight.”Deadheading: When an airline employee flies as a passenger for company business. Gate lice: The people who gather around the gate right before boarding so they can be first on the plane. “Oh, the gate lice are thick today.” George: Autopilot. I’ll let George take over.”Landing lips: Female passengers put on their “landing lips” when they use their lipstick just before landing. Pax: Passengers. Spinners: Passengers who get on late and don’t have a seat assignment, so they spin around looking for a seat. Two-for-once special: The plane touches down on landing, bounces up, then touches down again. Working the village:Working in coach.